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Mumbai has lived up to the reputation for which it was established. It is a city built by the residents of the city. Mumbai is more than a cosmopolitan made of concrete buildings.

Mumbai was given by Portuguese as dowry to Charles II of England when he married Catherine. The group of seven island was leased to the East India Company who offered freedom of business and religion to persons who came and settled here. Initially a few Parsis and Gujarati came but soon a sizeable population began to thrive here. This was way back in the 17th century. Today also Mumbai is a city of migrants. People from all over the country have come and settled here. This gives the society of Mumbai a multi-lingual and multi-cultural colour.

In the 18th century Mumbai grew rapidly and it also became one of the leading centers for the activists in the freedom struggle. Britishers played their role by shifting the presidency from Surat to Bombay, the former name of Mumbai. Also, the first railway line on which train moved was laid between Bombay and Thane. Bombay played a formative role in shaping the freedom struggle. It hosted the first Indian National Congress and was also a venue for the declaration of 'Quit India' by Gandhiji. Today Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra. Bombay was re-named as Mumbai in 1996. It is a city which never sleeps, its streets are never empty. The factories and mills of operate day and night to meet the growing demands, their efforts has made Mumbai the commercial capital of India.

The marvelous natural port of Mumbai is fit for handling an ever expanding world trade. The city situated on the edge of Arabian sea has something or other to offer to everybody but one has to struggle to achieve that and one who is left behind parishes in the race of life in Mumbai with no one to care for. For decades the city has attracted migrants who come here to earn bread, many fail and those who survive are absorbed in the pace of Mumbai.

Places to See in Mumbai :

Gateway of India : What could be more appropriate a beginning than the 'entrance' to the port of Mumbai? The ceremonial arch was built in 1927 to Commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary for the Delhi Durbar in 1911.

Haji Ali Mosque : This early 18th century shrine contains the tomb of HAZRATH HAJI ALI, a Muslim Sufi saint. There are two local legends which claim to trace the hazrath’s antecedents.

Town Hall : With its columns and tall Grecian porticos, this structure has been the foundation of the Library Society of Mumbai which moved into the Town Hall in 1830, soon after which a union was effected with the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

University Buildings : Founded by Sir Cowasjee Jehangir Ready money, after whom is named the earlier of the two structures, was designed by Sir Gilbert Scott.

Bombay High Court : This blue-basalt building in early English Gothic style was designed by Col. J. A. Fuller. It has central tower standing almost 180 ft.

Sir J. J. School Of Art : Built during the same period as the University, its importance is heightened by the fact that Rudyard Kipling was born and spent his early childhood here.

Crawford Market : Rechristened as Mahatma Phule Market, it was built in 1871 by William Emerson. The bas-reliefs, at a height, adorning the facade, were designed by J. L. Kipling at the School of Art, a stone's throw away.

Chowpatty Beach : Situated at the northern end of Marine Drive, it is a stretch of sandy beach and attracts hordes of people during the weekends and on holidays.

Juhu Beach : Juhu situated 30 km from the city, it is a crowded beach with residential apartments and bungalows surrounding it. It seems as if the entire population of the area descends on the beach for a breath of fresh air.

How to Reach Mumbai :

Air : Mumbai is well connected to all the major cities of the world and most international airlines have flights to Mumbai's Sahar International Airport, which is 30 km from the city centre. The domestic airport at Santa Cruz is 4km away from the International terminal.

Rail : Mumbai is connected to many cities and towns by super-fast and express trains. The Konkan Railway connects Mumbai to destinations along India's West coast. The city's main railway station is Victoria Terminus, known for its architecture. It has been renamed Chattrapati Shivaji Terminal. Other large railway stations are Dadar, Churchgate and Kurla. Mumbai is connected to other cities by express and super-fast trains. In addition there are many other trains for travelers who want to tour any part of India.

Road : Mumbai is well connected to all the major cities of India by a network of highways and roads. There are Inter State Bus Terminuses (ISBT), as well as many starting points in and around the city, from which various state-managed and privately run transport facilities, operate.



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